Norovirus: The first case of norovirus has been confirmed in Wayanad district of Kerala. Norovirus is an animal-borne disease. It is spread through contaminated water and food.
What is Norovirus?
Noroviruses are a group of viruses that cause gastrointestinal disease. This virus causes inflammation in the lining of the stomach and intestines, severe vomiting and diarrhea. There is no significant effect of this virus on healthy people. However, it can seriously affect the elderly, young children and people with other co-morbidities.
This virus spreads very easily and rapidly. It is spread from infected people to other people when there is direct contact, as well as through contaminated foods and surfaces. It can spread up to two days after the onset of the disease. Such outbreaks often occur between November and April.
Common symptoms of norovirus include abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, vomiting, headache, nausea and body aches.
According to the guidelines, infected people should take rest at home and drink ORS solution and boiled water. Along with this, people should take proper care of their personal hygiene as well as environmental cleanliness around them. People coming in contact with animals have been advised to pay special attention.