Nobel Prize in Physics 2021: This year’s prestigious Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded to Tsukuro Manebe, Klaus Hasselmann and Giorgio Perisic. The Royal Swedish Academy of Science has given this award to three scientists for their discoveries in climate and complex physical systems. The purpose of this award is to honor new inventions.
Last year, this Nobel Prize in Physics was given jointly to American scientist Andrea Ghez, Britain’s Roger Penrose and Germany’s Renard Genzel. All of them were honored with this award for their research on black holes.
Earlier on Monday, the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was jointly awarded to American scientists David Julius and Ardum Pataputian. Both of them were given this award for discovering the receptors for temperature and touch. The names of these winners were announced on Monday by the Secretary-General of the Nobel Committee, Thomas Perlman. They said, ‘
This actually reveals one of the mysteries of nature… it is really something that is vital to our existence. So this is a very important and profound discovery.”
Patrick Ernfors of the Nobel Committee said that Julius used capsaicin, a component of pepper, to identify nerve sensors. The skin reacts to temperature by nerve sensors. He said that Pataputian detected different pressure-sensitive sensors in the cells. Perlman said, “It really reveals one of nature’s mysteries… it’s really something that’s vital to our existence.” So this is a very important and profound discovery.”
The prestigious award carries a gold medal and 10 million Swedish kronor (about 11.4 million US dollars). The amount of the prize is given by a will left by Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel. Nobel died in 1895. Apart from medicine, Nobel Prizes are given for outstanding work in fields such as physics, chemistry, literature, peace and economics.